Low Sugar Low Fat Diet

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Low Sugar & Low Fat Diet

The no concentrated sweets, low fat diet is designed to limit the total amount of fat and sugar in the diet to reduce serum lipid levels and to achieve and maintain near normal blood glucose levels.

It is used for the person with either non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or for people who need or want to cut down on their sugar and fat intake. The calorie-controlled diet may be adapted for weight reduction and weight maintenance for individuals that do not have diabetes. It is also used for persons with elevated serum cholesterol levels or those who are high-risk candidates for heart disease.

General Guidelines

  • Limit total fat intake to less than 30% of total daily calories.

  • Reduce saturated fat intake (red meat, cheese, whole milk, butter, ice cream, etc.)

  • Eat less trans fat (stick margarine, shortening, cakes, pies, French fries, snack chips.)

  • Eat less cholesterol (limit egg yolks to more than 4 per week and meat, fish, poultry to no more than 6 ounces a day)

  • Reduce sugar intake.

  • Eat more fruits, vegetables, beans, whole grain breads, and cereals.

  • Maintain a healthy weight.

  • Exercise at least 30 minutes on most days (brisk walking, aerobics, biking, etc.)

  • Gradually reducing the amount of sugar by 1/4th then l/3rd then 1/2.

  • Use the "sweet" spices - cinnamon, cloves, ginger or nutmeg - to bring out sweetness in baked goods.

  • Be careful when using special diet or dietetic foods such as dietetic cake, cookies, candy and ice cream. These foods contain some form of sweetener and, therefore, calories.

Meal Planning Guidelines



MILK & DAIRY 2-3 servings each day

Nonfat dry milk powder

Skim milk (nonfat milk)


Light milk, 1/2%, or 1%

Yogurt, plain, nonfat or low fat

Evaporated skim milk

Cottage cheese (1-2%)

Low fat cheeses (labeled 2-6 grams of fat/ounce): skim milk mozzarella, skim milk Swiss cheese, and skim milk ricotta

Whole or 2% milk (regular, evaporated, condensed, chocolate),

Whole milk yogurts

Fruited or flavored yogurt

Milkshake, frozen malt or frozen milkshake, frappes

Nestle's Quick powders,

Flavored milk (i.e. chocolate, strawberry)

Instant breakfast


Whole milk cottage cheese (4% fat)

High fat cheeses: Whole milk cheddar, Swiss, Monterey Jack,

Camembert, American, Brie, mozzarella, fete, Muenster,

Neufchatel. Gorgonzola, Roquefort

Cheese spreads

FRUIT & VEGETABLES 5-9 servings each day

Fresh, frozen, canned fruits and vegetables without added sugar

Unsweetened fruit and vegetable juices

Water packed canned fruits


Vegetables prepared in butter, cream, cheese, or high fat sauce

Fruit and vegetables prepared in candied sauces or glazes cooked with honey, syrup, sugar, jelly, marmalade, or jam.

Canned, fresh or frozen fruit with sugar added; fruits packed in syrup.

Sweetened juice, such as fruit flavored drinks

BREADS & GRAINS 6-11 servings each day

Breads: white, whole wheat, pumpernickel, rye, and pita

Bagels, English muffins, sandwich buns, tortillas, and dinner rolls,

Hot cereals such as oatmeal, grits, farina, cream of wheat, most dry cereals except granola cereals

Pasta, barley, bulgur, brown and white rice, couscous

Low fat crackers such as graham crackers, matzo, bread sticks, rye crisps, soda crackers, rice cakes, Zwieback; pretzels (soft or hard), popcorn

Homemade baked goods using allowable ingredients

Sweetened or frosted breads, any grains prepared with sweetened sauces

Commercially baked goods such as pies, cakes, donuts, croissants, cinnamon bread, pastries, coffeecakes, sweet rolls, muffins, and biscuits.

Sugar coated pre-sweetened cereals, honey flavored or fruit-flavored cereals, cocoa flavored cereals, granola cereals

Pasta and rice prepared with cream, butter, or cheese sauce, egg noodles;

Most snack crackers such as cheese or butter crackers or those made with saturated fat; pretzels, or chips

MEAT & MEAT SUBSTITUTES 2-3 servings or total of 6 oz daily

Any meat, poultry or fish prepared without sweet and sour marinades (made with sugar), barbecue sauces that have catsup, chili sauce, honey or brown sugar, and teriyaki sauce


Chuck: arm, shoulder, and pot roast

Filet mignon

Ground beef (95% lean)

Loin: porterhouse steak, top loin steak

Loin: sirloin steak, T-bone steak, tenderloin

Rib: rib eye steak, rib eye roast

Round: roast, steak, tip roast

Round: Top, Bottom or Eye Round Roast (Select)

Veal: cutlet, loin chop, and rib roast

Fish: All Fish such as tuna (canned in water), scallops, shrimp,

lobster, flatfish, flounder, crab, clams rainbow trout

salmon, sardines, haddock, halibut,

red snapper, swordfish, sole, sturgeon,

mussels, oysters, cod, perch, pike, crayfish

Lamb: Foreshank, braised leg, shank or

sirloin half loin, whole, broiled

Pork: Ham, shank or rump half loin,

Tenderloin, center loin cuts

Ham, boneless [regular (11%)]

Ham, canned [extra lean (4%)]

Poultry (without skin):

Chicken (light meat is leaner than dark meat)

Chicken, drumstick, breast

Duck, roasted

Turkey (light meat is leaner than dark meat)

Turkey store extra lean ground breast

Turkey, breast, wing, leg (for fryers and roasters-hens and toms may be twice as fatty)

Processed meats:

Canadian bacon

Beef, dried, chopped beef


Turkey pastrami, peppered loaf

Turkey ham, turkey roll (light and dark meat)

Game: Rabbit, venison, buffalo meat

Organ Meats: Limit to 3 oz. per month

Eggs: Egg whites, cholesterol-free egg substitute; limit egg yolks to 3 per week

Any meat, poultry or fish that is fried and/or prepared with sweet and sour marinades (made with sugar), barbecue sauces that have catsup, chili sauce, honey or brown sugar, and teriyaki sauce.


Regular ground round, brisket, ribs, and prime rib

Veal: Veal cutlet

Fish: Fried and breaded fish

Lamb: ground, lean, broiled

Pork: chitterlings, loin, blade, tail

Poultry: Duck and goose, (flesh and skin)

Processed meats:



Frankfurter, turkey, chicken, beef or pork

Corned beef


Luncheon meats such as bologna and salami,


Beef jerky

Link sausage


Braunschweiger, liverwurst, bratwurst

Kielbasa, pastrami (beef)



Regular canned or corned beef

Organ Meats

Liver, kidney, sweetbread, brain (More than 3 oz. per month)


More than 3 egg yolks per week

Nuts & Beans:

Dried peas and beans, such as split peas, black-eyed peas,

Chick peas (garbonzo beans), kidney beans, navy beans,

Lentils, soybeans, soybean curd (tofu)

Lima beans

Natural peanut butter (use sparingly)


Homemade cream or meat broth soups made without high fat milk products

Baked beans flavored with brown sugar, molasses, honey or maple syrup.

Regular peanut butter



Cream soups made with whole milk, cream, or half-and-half

FATS (use sparingly)

Unsaturated vegetable oils: corn, olive, peanut, canola, safflower, sesame, soybean

Margarine or shortenings, non stick or tub (with unsaturated vegetable oils as the first ingredient)

Salad dressing, low fat or fat free

Cream cheese, low fat or fat free

Mayonnaise, low fat, low cholesterol, or fat-free

Imitation sour cream

Poly rich® non-dairy creamer

Baking cocoa

Butter, coconut and palm oils, lard, bacon fat

Margarine or shortenings made with saturated fat listed above.

Salad dressings made with egg yolk, coconut, or chocolate

Cream, half and half, most non-dairy creamers, whipped toppings

Nondairy cream substitutes

Coffee whitener/cream substitute

Cream (light, cream, or table)

Sour cream, cream cheese, whipping cream

Regular salad dressings (sour cream base, French, Caesar,

Ranch, blue cheese, any cheese based dressings)

Green and black olives

SNACKS & DESSERTS (use sparingly)

Cakes, cookies, or pies made with allowable ingredients.

Low fat, sugar free frozen desserts such as frozen yogurt, sugar free Popsicles, fruit bars, and Fudgsicles®

Low fat cakes like angel food cake or other varieties; low fat, sugar free cookies.

Vanilla wafers, animal crackers, gingersnaps; sugar free hard candy,

Low fat snacks such as plain popcorn, pretzels, fat free rice cakes

Sugar free gelatin dessert, sugar free cocoa mixes

Sugar substitutes

Sugar free jellies, jams, fruit spreads

High fat frozen desserts: ice cream, frozen tofu or custard, most store bought frosted cakes, and cookies, candy, chocolate bars; potato and corn chips prepared with saturated fat, buttered, caramelized or cheese popcorn, prepackaged microwave popcorn

Pop tarts, fruit rolls





Non-fat, sugar free beverages like carbonated drinks, water, tea, and coffee;

Sugar free mineral water

Sugar free drinks like sugar- free lemonade, sugar- free Kool-Aid, sugar- free punch

Club soda

Mustard, vinegar, cooking wine, herbs and spices

Soy sauce, Worcestershire sauce, low fat tartar sauce, picante sauce, salsa, tobasco sauce

High fat beverages like frappes, milk shakes, floats, and eggnog;

Regular carbonated beverages or soft drinks

Sweetened fruit drinks, Kool-Aid, Hi-C,

Tonic water, beer, wine, alcohol, hard liquor

Sweetened carbonated and mineral waters

Sweetened cocoa mixes

Blended Juice, nectars

Orange Plus or Tang




Oils, like corn, cottonseed, olive, safflower,

sesame, soybean, or sunflower

Nonfat dry milk, nonfat dry milk solids, skim milk

Animal fat, like bacon, beef, ham, lamb,

Brown sugar



Cocoa butter

Coconut, coconut oil, palm kernel or palm oil

Corn syrup

Corn syrup solids



Egg and egg-yolk solids



Hardened fat or oil

High fructose corn syrup


Hydrogenated vegetable oil





Meat, pork, chicken or turkey fats,

Modified food starch


Natural sweeteners

Shortening or vegetable shortening




Syrups (maple, sorghum, and other assorted).

Unspecified vegetable oil (could be coconut, coconut oil, palm kernel or palm oil) Coconut, coconut oil, palm kernel or palm oil



BBQ sauce

Brown sugar


Chili sauce

Corn syrup





Most prepared sauces

Party spreads

Regular chewing gum

Steak sauce


Sweet pickles

Syrup (maple, sorghum, and other assorted)

Tartar sauce

Teriyaki sauce

The above opinionated views and information serves to educated and informed consumer. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. It should not replaced professional advise and consultation. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions

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Calorie Controlled Diet
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Diet for Cancer
Diet for Constipation
Diet for Dietary Fiber
Eating Well Diet
Elderly Diet
Healthy Diet
High Protein/Calories Diet
High Fiber Diet
Low Fat, Salt, Sugar Diet
Low Fat Diet
Low Fiber Diet
Low Salt Diet
Low Sugar Low Fat Diet
Ostomy Diet
Peptic Ulcer Diet
Stomach Sugery Diet
Vegetatian Diet

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