Low Fat, Salt, Sugar Diet

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Sugar, Sodium, Fat and Cholesterol Controlled Diet

The low sugar, salt and fat diet is designed to limit the total amount of fat, salt and sugar in the diet to reduce serum lipid levels and to achieve and maintain near normal blood glucose levels.

It is used for the person with either non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or for people who need or want to cut down on their sugar, salt and fat intake.

The calorie-controlled diet may be adapted for weight reduction and weight maintenance. It is also used for persons with elevated serum cholesterol levels or those who are high-risk candidates for heart disease.

General Guidelines

  • Eat less cholesterol (limit egg yolks to not more than 4 per week and meat, fish, poultry to no more than 6 ounces a day)

  • Reduce saturated fat intake (red meat, cheese, whole milk, butter, ice cream, etc)

  • Eat less trans fat (stick margarine, shortening, cakes, pies, French fries, snack chips)

  • Limit total fat intake to less than 30% of total daily calories.

  • Reduce salt intake (canned and dried soups, fast foods, frozen dinners, pizza, processed meats and cheese)

  • Reduce sugar intake

  • Eat more fruits, vegetables, multigrain breads, and cereals.

  • Recommend 20-35 grams/day of dietary fiber from a wide variety of foods.

  • Maintain a healthy weight.

  • Be careful when using special diet or dietetic foods such as dietetic cake, cookies, candy and ice cream. These foods contain some form of sweetener and, therefore, calories.

  • Individuals with diabetes should monitor blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin, lipids, blood pressure and body weight.

  • Exercise at least 30 minutes on most days (brisk walking, aerobics, biking, etc). Regular exercise improves control of blood sugar and is an important part of any healthy lifestyle.

  • Experiment with recipes by gradually reducing the amount of sugar by 1/4th then l/3rd then 1/2

  • Use the "sweet" spices - cinnamon, cloves, ginger or nutmeg - to bring out sweetness in baked goods

  • Read the food labels for fat, sugar, and salt.

Meal Planning Guidelines

FOODS ALLOWED

FOODS TO LIMIT

MILK & DAIRY 2-3 servings each day

Nonfat dry milk powder

Skim milk (nonfat milk)

Nuskim

Light milk, 1/2% or 1%

Yogurt, plain, nonfat or low fat

Evaporated skim milk

Cottage cheese (1 or 2%)

Low fat cheeses (labeled 2-6 grams of fat/ounce): skim milk mozzarella, skim milk Swiss cheese, and skim milk ricotta

Whole or 2% milk (regular, evaporated, condensed, chocolate)

Whole milk yogurts

Fruited or flavored yogurt

Milkshake, frozen malt or frozen milkshake, frappes

Nestle's Quick powders,

Flavored milk (i.e. chocolate, strawberry)

Instant breakfast

Sweetened cocoa mixes.

Eggnog

Whole milk cottage cheese (4% fat), cream cheese, sour cream, high fat and sodium cheeses:

Whole milk cheddar, Swiss, Monterey Jack, Camembert, American, Brie, mozzarella, fete, Muenster, Neufchatel. Gorgonzola, Roquefort

Cheese spreads

FRUIT AND VEGETABLES 5-9 servings each day

Fresh, frozen, canned fruits and vegetables without sugar or salt; low sodium vegetable juices

No added salt tomato products

Avocado

Unsweetened juices

Water packed canned fruits

Coconut, sauerkraut

Vegetables prepared in salt, butter, cream, cheese, or high fat sauce

Fruit and vegetables prepared in candied sauces or glazes cooked with honey, syrup, sugar, jelly, marmalade, or jam.

Canned, fresh or frozen fruit with sugar added; fruits packed in syrup.

Sweetened juice, such as fruit flavored drinks

BREADS & GRAINS 6-11 servings each day

Breads: white, whole wheat, pumpernickel, rye, and pita;

Bagels, tortillas, English muffins, sandwich buns, and dinner rolls

Hot cereals such as oatmeal, cream of wheat, farina, grits, most unsweetened dry cereals

Pasta, barley, potatoes, and rice, couscous

Homemade baked goods using allowable ingredients

Low fat and low salt crackers such as graham crackers, matzo, bread sticks, rye crisps, soda crackers, Zwieback, rice cakes

Sweetened or frosted breads

Any grains prepared with sweetened sauces

Pasta and rice prepared with cream, butter, or cheese sauce, egg noodles; stuffing mixes, rice mixes, pasta mixes, prepared dinners

Breads, crackers, rolls with salted tops; commercially baked goods: pies, cakes, donuts, croissants, cinnamon bread, pastries, coffee cakes, sweet rolls, muffins, biscuits.

Sugar coated pre-sweetened cereals, honey flavored or fruit-flavored cereals, cocoa flavored cereals, granola cereals

Most snack crackers like cheese or butter crackers or those made with saturated fat; salted popcorn, pretzels, or chips

MEATS & MEAT SUBSTITUTES 2-3 servings or total of 6 oz daily

Any meat, poultry or fish should be cooked without salt or seasonings containing salt and prepared without sweet and sour marinades (made with sugar), barbecue sauces that have catsup, chili sauce, honey or brown sugar, and teriyaki sauce

Beef

Chuck: arm, shoulder, pot roast

Filet mignon

Ground beef (95% lean)

Loin: porterhouse steak, top loin steak

Loin: sirloin steak, T-bone steak, tenderloin

Rib: rib eye steak, rib eye roast

Round: roast, steak, tip roast

Round: top, bottom or eye round roast (select)

Veal: cutlet, loin chop, rib roast

Fish

All fresh or frozen fish: canned tuna and salmon (low sodium fresh water packed), scallops, shrimp, lobster, flatfish, flounder, crab, clams, Rainbow trout, salmon, sardines, haddock, halibut, red snapper, swordfish, sole, sturgeon,

Mussels, oysters, cod, perch, pike, crayfish

Lamb: Foreshank, braised leg, shank or

Sirloin half loin, whole, broiled

Pork

Loin, tenderloin, center loin cuts

Shank or rump half

Poultry (light meat is leaner than dark meat)

Turkey

Turkey, breast, wing, leg (for fryers and roasters-hens and toms may be twice as fatty)

Turkey store extra lean ground breast

Chicken

Chicken, drumstick, breast

Duck, roasted (flesh only)

Cornish game hen, quail, pheasant

Organ Meats

Limit to 3 oz. per month

Eggs

Egg whites, cholesterol-free egg substitute; limit egg yolks to 3 per week

Game

Rabbit, venison, buffalo meat

Any meat, poultry or fish that is fried prepared with sweet and sour marinades (made with sugar), barbecue sauces that have catsup, chili sauce, honey or brown sugar, and teriyaki sauce.

Beef

Regular ground round, brisket, ribs, prime rib

Veal: Veal cutlet

Fish: Fried, dried, canned, or smoked fish such as canned tuna and salmon, sardines, anchovies, caviar, salted cod, herring, sardines, lox, kippered salmon.

Pork

Pork rinds

Ham, sausage, bacon, jowls, fat back, salt pork, cured pork, pork rinds, pickled pigs feet

Chitterlings

Loin, Blade

Poultry

Cured, salted, canned or smoked poultry

Duck, roasted, (flesh and skin)

Goose, roasted, (flesh and skin)

Poultry packed in broth

Processed meats:

Frozen dinners

Cured, salted, canned or smoked meats processed meats such as:

Headcheese

Pate

Frankfurter, turkey, chicken, beef or pork

Corned beef

Bacon

Luncheon meats such as bologna and salami

Chorizo (Mexican sausage)

Beef jerky

Link Sausage

Pepperoni

Braunschweiger, liverwurst, bratwurst

Kielbasa, pastrami (beef)

Caviar

Roe

Regular canned or corned beef

Organ Meats

Liver, kidney, sweetbread, brain (more than 3 oz. per month)

Eggs

More than 3 egg yolks per week

Nuts & Beans

Dried beans and peas, lentils and tofu

Low sodium peanut butter

Soups

Homemade cream or meat broth soups made without salt or high fat milk products

Baked beans flavored with brown sugar, molasses, honey or maple syrup.

Canned beans, peas and lentils

Regular peanut butter

Salted nuts

Soups

Regular canned soups, stews, or bouillon cubes, cream soups made with whole milk, cream, or half-and-half and salt

Dried soups

FATS & SNACKS (use sparingly)

Unsaturated vegetable oils: corn, olive, peanut, canola, safflower, sesame, soybean

Rice-bran oil

Margarine or shortenings, non stick or tub (with unsaturated vegetable oils as the first ingredient)

Salad dressings, low sodium and low fat or fat free

Low fat or fat free cream cheese

Mayonnaise, low fat, low cholesterol, or fat-free

Imitation sour cream

Poly Rich® Non-dairy creamer

Baking cocoa

Cakes, cookies, or pies made allowable ingredients.

Low fat, sugar free frozen desserts, frozen yogurt, sugar free Popsicle, fruit bars, and Fudgsicles®

Low fat cakes such as angel food cake or other varieties

Low fat, low sugar cookies such as vanilla wafers, animal crackers, gingersnaps

Sugar free hard candy,

Sugar free gelatin dessert, sugar free cocoa mixes

Sugar substitutes

Sugar free jellies, jams, fruit spreads

Unsalted low fat snacks such as plain popcorn, pretzels (hard or soft)

Butter, coconut and palm oils, lard, bacon fat

Margarines or shortenings made with saturated fat listed above.

Dressings made with egg yolk, coconut, or chocolate

Cream, half and half, most non-dairy creamers, whipped toppings

Nondairy cream substitutes

Coffee whitener/cream substitute

Cream (light, cream, or table)

Sour cream, cream cheese, whipping cream

Regular salad dressings (sour cream base, French,

Ranch, blue cheese)

Salad dressing mixes

Cheese based dressings

Green and black olives

High fat frozen desserts: ice cream, frozen tofu or custard, most store bought frosted cakes, and cookies, candy, chocolate bars

Potato and corn chips prepared with saturated fat, buttered, caramelized or cheese popcorn, prepackaged microwave popcorn

Pop tarts, fruit rolls

MISCELLANEOUS

Non-fat, sugar free beverages like carbonated drinks, water, tea, and coffee;

Sugar free mineral water

Sugar free drinks like lemonade, Kool-Aid, punch

Club soda

Low sodium mustard, vinegar, cooking wine, herbs and spices

Low sodium soy sauce

High fat beverages like frappes, milk shakes, floats, and eggnog

Regular carbonated beverages or soft drinks

Sweetened fruit drinks, Kool-Aid, Hi-C

Tonic water, beer, wine, alcohol, hard liquor

Sweetened carbonated and mineral waters

Accent

Alka-Seltzer

All commercially prepared and convenience foods such as TV dinners, box mixes, canned entrees, Hamburger Helper, meat pies, Chinese dinners, pizza, Shake'n Bake mixes

BBQ sauce

Brown sugar

Catsup

Celery salt

Chili sauce

Corn syrup

Garlic salt

Honey

Horseradish

Jam

Jelly

Kitchen Bouquet

Lemon pepper

Marinade sauce

Meat tenderizers

Molasses

Most prepared sauces

Onion salt

Party spreads

Pickle relish

Pickles

Regular chewing gum

Regular ketchup

Regular mustard

Relish

Salt

Soy sauce

Steak sauce

Sugar

Sweet pickles,

Syrup (maple, sorghum, and other assorted).

Tartar sauce

Teriyaki sauce

Worcestershire sauce

LABEL INGREDIENTS

Carob

Cocoa

Oils, like corn, cottonseed, olive,

Safflower, sesame, soybean, or sunflower

Nonfat dry milk, nonfat dry milk solids, skim milk

Animal fat, like bacon, beef, ham, lamb

Baking Powder

Baking Soda (Sodium Bicarbonate)

Brown sugar

Butter, lard

Chocolate

Cocoa butter

Coconut, coconut oil, palm kernel or palm oil

Corn syrup

Corn syrup solids

Cream

Dextrose

Egg and egg-yolk solids

Fructose

Glucose

Hardened fat or oil

High fructose corn syrup

Honey,

Hydrogenated vegetable oil

Lactose

Maltose

Mannitol

Meat, pork, chicken or turkey fats,

Modified food starch

Molasses

Monosodium Glutamate

Natural sweeteners

Shortening or vegetable shortening

Sorbitol

Sucrose

Sugar

Syrups (maple, sorghum, and other assorted).

Unspecified vegetable oil (could be coconut, coconut oil, palm kernel or palm oil) Coconut, coconut oil, palm kernel or palm oil

Seasoning salts

Sodium Benzoate

Sodium Caseinate

Sodium Citrate

Sodium Nitrate

Sodium Phosphate

Sodium Propionate

Sodium Saccharin


The above opinionated views and information serves to educated and informed consumer. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. It should not replaced professional advise and consultation. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions

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